A Crash Course On Nasal Polyps Removal Surgery
Nasal polyps are teardrop-shaped growths that develop in the lining of your nose, usually found where the sinuses open into the nasal cavity. They’re non-cancerous and often result from ongoing swelling and irritation caused by chronic sinusitis.
In most cases, nasal polyps form due to prolonged irritation and chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes that line the sinuses. It’s not fully understood why some people get polyps and others do not, but one predisposing factor may be your genetics. You may also be more likely to get nasal polyps if you have chronic sinusitis, asthma, cystic fibrosis or allergic rhinitis.
The size of nasal polyps can vary. Small ones often cause no problems at all, but the larger they are, the more likely they are to cause issues like nasal obstruction, trouble breathing through the nose, snoring, and severe sinus headaches and pressure.
If these issues arise, it is necessary to have your nasal polyps removed.
The first step to determining the appropriate nasal polyps treatment is to be evaluated by an experienced sinus surgeon. During your examination, a CT scan of your sinuses and allergy tests may be recommended. This allows your doctor to determine any structural abnormalities or other conditions that caused your nasal polyps.
Conservative treatment options are always tried first and may include the following:
- Nasal steroid sprays – shrink polyps, clear blocked nasal passages and temporarily alleviate runny nose symptoms
- Antihistamines – help reduce symptoms like runny nose while reducing inflammation, particularly if inflammation is caused by allergies
- Antibiotics – help treat polyps caused by a bacterial infection
- Oral steroid pills – reduce swelling and other symptoms (shouldn’t be taken long-term because of possible side effects)
In cases where conservative treatments don’t provide effective relief, nasal polyps removal surgery may be considered. This type of surgery is known as a polypectomy and is often performed using a nasal endoscope – a tube with a tiny camera that gives your doctor a detailed view inside your nose and sinuses.
During this procedure, the polyps and any other problematic tissues can be precisely removed. Special instruments are passed through your nostrils to perform the corrections, so no incisions are made to your face.
Nasal polyps removal may be done along with another type of surgery if other nasal or sinus infections are contributing to your condition. These include the following:
- Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS): This surgery enlarges the drainage pathways of your sinuses and fixes any other issues interfering with drainage, thus preventing the future build-up of mucus.
- Balloon Sinuplasty: A tiny balloon catheter is inserted through your nostril and inflated in your sinus passageway. The passageway is gently opened and widened to restore normal sinus drainage and function, and the balloon is then deflated and carefully removed.
The Success Rate
In many cases, nasal polyps removal can be very successful and lead to a great reduction in symptoms. However, if your nasal polyps are caused by a genetic or allergic issue, the polyps may reemerge and require repeat treatments. Under these circumstances, nasal polyp surgery can provide relief, but it may not be permanent without additional treatment in the future.
Take the first step toward finding relief from nasal polyps by learning everything about this condition and its treatment.